Unlike the open skies, some governments have imposed protectionist measures on their airlines. After World War II, many countries invested in the formation of national airlines (including flag airlines or former airlines), which were often a national pride. Many of them were all or partly owned by the state. As international competition increased and threatened to harm underperforming airlines, some governments put in place protectionist measures to protect their airlines. It is therefore a fundamental explanation of what the “open skies” agreement is and what it is used to. Do you have any other ideas? Leave your comments in the field below! To learn more about this topic, I recommend you check out some of the key texts in this area such as air marketing and management of Steven Shaw or Air Transport Management: An International Perspective by Lucy Budd. The “open skies” agreement is fundamental to the functioning of the global aviation industry. In this article, I will give you a brief explanation of how the open skies agreement works. Open skies agreements have significantly increased international passenger and cargo flights to and from the United States, encouraging more travel and trade, increasing productivity and boosting employment opportunities and quality economic growth.
Open skies agreements do this by eliminating state intervention in airline business decisions about routes, capacity and prices, and by enabling airlines to provide consumers with more affordable, convenient and efficient services. The “open skies” agreement between the EU and the United States is an agreement on air services between the European Union (EU) and the United States. The agreement allows any Airline of the European Union and any airline of the United States to fly between every point of the European Union and any point of the United States. EU and US airlines are allowed to travel to another country after their first stop (fifth freedom). Since the EU is not considered a single zone within the meaning of the agreement, this in practice means that US airlines can fly between two points in the EU as long as this flight is the continuation of a flight that started in the US (. B for example, New York – London – Berlin). EU airlines can also fly between the US and third countries that are part of the common European airspace, such as Switzerland. EU and US airlines can fly all-cargo under the 7th Freedom Rights, which means that all-cargo flights by US airlines can be operated by an EU country to any other EU country and all-cargo flights can be operated by EU airlines between the US and any other country.  Norway and Iceland joined the agreement from 2011 and their airlines enjoy the same rights as THE EU airlines.  Third, the removal of the four unopened agreements would result in an increase in passenger traffic. Current bilateral agreements between the United States and the United Kingdom, Greece, Ireland and Spain limit the amount of transatlantic travel. In order to assess the impact of replacing these restrictive bilateral agreements with open airspace, we calculated the impact of the “open skies” agreements between the United States and other EU countries in the 1990s, which replaced equally restrictive agreements.