In such a scenario, a minority government could be formed and maintained through a so-called trust and supply agreement with one or more of the minor parties. A confidence and procurement agreement is for a party or independent MPs to assist the government in requests for confidence and ownership or budget votes, either for or for the vote. However, parties and independent members generally reserve the right to vote differently for their own policies or for the conscience of bills.    In New Zealand, trust and supply agreements are common because of the MMP system used in the country. Parties that offer confidence and supply play a more important role than in other countries, with members of support parties often appointed to ministerial portfolios outside the cabinet.  New Zealand codified in its ministerial manual the procedures it has put in place to train these governments.  22 days after the 1985 provincial election, the government of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario resigned following a vote of no confidence and the Ontario Liberal Party formed a government with the support of the Democratic Party of Ontario.  The agreement between the two parties has been called the “agreement.”  Both sides share the hope that the elements and provisions of this agreement will play a positive role in efforts to restore a devolved government for the benefit of all the people of Northern Ireland. The agreement reached will be maintained for the duration of Parliament and can be discussed by mutual agreement between the two parties. At the end of each session of Parliament, both parties will consider the objectives, principles and implementation of this agreement. In exchange for support for confidence and supply, a small party would expect some influence on government policy, which is usually announced in a Queen`s address at the opening of Parliament.
It may be a specific policy or simply evidence of the influence on an existing policy. As in the case of a packed coalition, small parties must exercise caution in their negotiating strategy. Ask too little and let them see you by their supporters to sell too cheaply. The demand for too much, and it can prevent an agreement, destabilize the agreement and prove elusive. The downside is that, in areas that are not covered by the agreement, that is, beyond the Queen`s Speech on 19 June and the next budget, the government still needs to form a thematic coalition to get the economy through Parliament.